Omar Al- Bashir: Africa's most wanted President
Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir born 1 January 1944 is a Sudanese politician, the seventh president of Sudan and head of the National Congress Party. He came to power in 1989 when, as a brigadier in the Sudanese Army, he led a group of officers in a military coup that ousted the democratically elected government of prime minister Sadiq al-Mahdi after it began negotiations with rebels in the south. Since then, he has been elected three times as President in elections that have been under scrutiny for corruption. In March 2009, al-Bashir became the first sitting president to be indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC), for allegedly directing a campaign of mass killing, rape, and pillage against civilians in Darfur. Undeterred by his arrest warrants, Bashir continues his crimes with impunity, expanding his bombing and attacks against civilians beyond Darfur to those in the Sudanese states of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan.
On March 4, 2009, the ICC issued an arrest warrant against Bashir for 7 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes. On July 12, 2010, the ICC issued an additional warrant adding 3 counts of genocide for the ethnic cleansing of the Fur, Masalit, and Zaghawa tribes. Undeterred by his arrest warrants, Bashir continues his reign of impunity—attacking innocent civilians in Darfur and other states in Sudan and travelling freely to other countries.
President Bashir remains at large and is leading public life as president of Sudan.
There are no signs of criminal pursuit of Bashir, though the international community knows exactly where he is, where he has traveled, and often where he is going.
President Bashir is not alone as he has three major accomplices who helped him in perpetrating this violence against the people of Dafur. These accomplices include the following:
AHMAD MUHAMMAD HARUN
A warrant for the arrest of Ahmad Muhammad Harun was issued by the International Criminal Court on April 27, 2007. He is charged with 20 counts of crimes against humanity and 22 counts of war crimes.
Harun was Minister of State as well as head of the “Darfur Security Desk” from April 2003 to September 2005. From 2006 to 2009, he served as the Minister of State for Humanitarian Affairs.
Harun is accused of recruiting, funding and arming the Janjaweed militia. The Janjaweed attacked civilians and pillaged towns and villages during counterinsurgency attacks.
Harun is currently the governor of South Kordofan, which borders South Sudan, where a brutal counterinsurgency campaign is raging, most severely in the Nuba mountains.
ALI MUHAMMAD ALI ABD-AL-RAHMAN
A warrant for the arrest of Ali Muhammad Al Abd-Al-Rahman was issued by the International Criminal Court on April 27, 2007. He is charged with 22 counts of crimes against humanity and 28 counts of war crimes.
Ali Kushayb was one of the most senior leaders in the Janjaweed militia and a member of the Popular Defense Force.
Ali Kushayb is accused of issuing orders to the Janjaweed militia and the armed forces including mass rape, killings, torture, inhumane acts, pillaging and looting of residences and marketplaces, and the displacement of the resident community.
According to Sudanese authorities, Ali Kushayb was arrested and was transferred to Khartoum in 2009 for further investigation.
ABDEL RAHEEM MUHAMMAD HUSSEIN
A warrant for the arrest of Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein was issued by the International Criminal Court on March 1, 2012. He is charged with 20 counts of crimes against humanity and 21 counts of war crimes.
Hussein was appointed as Minister of Interior in 1993. In 2003, he became the special representative for Darfur, a position he held until 2004.
Hussein is accused of recruiting, arming and funding police forces and the Janjaweed militia in Darfur.
Hussein is currently Minister of National Defense of the Sudanese Government. Hussein is one of Bashir's closest allies and is reported to be leading a campaign against rebels in the south.
Al Bashir currently travels to places in Africa where he has allies and good relationship with the government of that country or to countries that does not have a good working relationship with the International Criminal Court.
According to Al Bashir’s travelling history in the last few years, he has been to Algeria, Chad, China, Nigeria, South Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iran, Iraq, etc.
For over 11 years Al Bashir has evaded justice and his crimes has led to the death of over 300,000 men, women and children, over 3 million displaced, in the Darfur Region.
It is only fair and in the interest of justice to the dead, living and the sustenance of humanity in Sudan that Al Bashir be arrested and tried fairly alongside his accomplices before the International Criminal Court.
Written by Lord Reginald Sagay.